Journal Code : IJAEEE
Frequency : Bimonthly
Definition and Context
Respecting intellectual property rights is a foundational principle of the IJAEEE Codes of Ethics. Plagiarism, in which one misrepresents ideas, words, computer codes or other creative expression as one's own, is a clear violation of such ethical principles. Plagiarism can also represent a violation of copyright law, punishable by statute. Plagiarism manifests itself in a variety of forms, including
Self-plagiarism is a related issue. In this document we define self-plagiarism as the verbatim or near-verbatim reuse of significant portions of one's own copyrighted work without citing the original source. Note that self-plagiarism does not apply to publications based on the author's own previously copyrighted work (e.g., appearing in a conference proceedings) where an explicit reference is made to the prior publication. Such reuse does not require quotation marks to delineate the reused text but does require that the source be cited. All authors are deemed to be individually and collectively responsible for the content of papers published by IJAEEE. Hence, it is the responsibility of each author to ensure that papers submitted to IJAEEE attain the highest ethical standards with respect to plagiarism. IJAEEE and the IJAEEE Publications Board place the investigation of each claim of plagiarism at the highest priority for resolution and action.
Notifying IJAEEE of Alleged Plagiarism
To inform IJAEEE of alleged plagiarism, send email to IJAEEE Director of Publications. The following is the minimum information requIJAEEE for IJAEEE to initiate a plagiarism investigation:
In addition, IJAEEE encourages the submission of the following additional information to aid in its investigation:
IJAEEE can only process plagiarism claims involving material published under IJAEEE Copyright or the IJAEEE Publishing Agreement License.
Upon receipt of an allegation of plagiarism, the Director of Publications will inform the appropriate IJAEEE volunteers and Senior Headquarters Staff. The Director will then coordinate the investigation. Depending on the details of the claim, the investigation may include, but not be limited to, any or all of the following steps:
Once the investigation has been completed, the IJAEEE Publications Board, based on a recommendation from the IJAEEE Director of Publications, will determine the penalties to be imposed depending on the type of plagiarism.
All aspects of an investigation will be treated with the utmost regard for confidentiality. The names and contacts of the person(s) making the claim and their relationship to the allegation (e.g., author of plagiarized work, reviewer or editor of plagiarizing work) will be kept confidential and used only for the purpose and duration of the investigation. However, in order to ensure timely and effective resolution, details of a claim will be circulated to individuals on a need-to-know basis (e.g., see Section 3 above). As part of the investigation, it may be necessary for IJAEEE to contact current and/or past employers of the authors. Additionally, some institutions have specific requirements for their employees to disclose any pending legal/ethical matters. IJAEEE, at its discretion, may decide to inform the general IJAEEE membership of the plagiarism investigation. However, during the investigation, under no circumstances will IJAEEE disclose any individual author's name, paper titles, referees, ad hoc investigation committee members, or any other personal or specific information regarding a plagiarism claim to the general membership.
Results of an Investigation
Once a decision has been reached, it will be communicated to all parties immediately by the IJAEEE Director of Publications. If plagiarism has been found, all parties will be informed of the penalties and the actions that will be taken. Upon notification, the investigative phase will be deemed to have ended, and there will be no further communication with any party by IJAEEE unless there is an appeal to the IJAEEE President. All appeals must be made in writing to the IJAEEE President no more than 30 days from the date of notification. Once a determination of plagiarism has been made, there is no guarantee that the author names and paper titles will continue to be kept confidential. However, IJAEEE will not disclose an individual author's name, the paper title, the referees, the ad hoc investigation committee members, or any other personal or specific information in a forum actively distributed to the general membership (e.g., CIJAEEE).
Penalties for Plagiarism
When plagiarism has been found to have occurred, IJAEEE will take the actions listed below as determined by the type of plagiarism. Unless determined otherwise during the investigation, all authors are deemed to be individually and collectively responsible for the content of a plagiarizing paper.
a. Verbatim copying, near-verbatim copying, or purposely paraphrasing a significant portion of another author's paper without citing the source and without clearly delineating (e.g., in quotation marks) the source material.
b. Verbatim copying, near-verbatim copying, or purposely paraphrasing sentences of another author's paper and/or, copying elements of another author's paper (such as non-common knowledge illustrations and equations) without citing the source and without clearly delineating (e.g., in quotation marks) the source material.
c. Verbatim copying of portions of another author's paper with citing, but not clearly differentiating what text has been copied (e.g., not applying quotation marks correctly) and/or not citing the source correctly.
NB: Representing substantial portions of another’s work as one’s own can result in the stronger penalties of 6a even when that work is cited.
d. Self plagiarism or redundant, duplicative publication (verbatim or near-verbatim reuse of significant portions of one's own copyrighted work in subsequent papers where the authors have not disclosed in the subsequent paper the previous publication).
Should the authors refuse to comply with the above (e.g., if they refuse to write a formal letter of apology) or if it is determined during the plagiarism investigation that there have been multiple violations of any of the above forms of plagiarism by the same authors, IJAEEE retains the right to impose further sanctions such as automatic rejection of all current and future submissions for some extended period of time, invoking penalties prescribed by the IJAEEE Codes of Ethics, and possibly statutory/injunctive relief. U.S. Copyright law allows a copyright owner to seek a maximum of $150,000 in damages upon a determination of willful infringement of copyright.